Q. We have recently installed several double suction between bearing pumps and would like to verify that their vibration levels are within acceptable limits. How should this be done, and what is an acceptable upper limit for such vibration?
A. The most appropriate method for vibration measurement is electronic velocity or acceleration measurements taken at various frequencies. Where the values are significant, these measurements are integrated in an appropriate electronic circuit to determine overall vibration in millimeters (inches) per second.
Direct measurement of velocity or acceleration filtered to unique frequencies is not intended by this guide. Such secondary measurements, including complete frequency analysis, are useful in diagnosing vibration problems.
It should be noted that relatively high velocity or acceleration readings at high frequencies result in small displacement values.
The vibration probes should be located as shown in Figure 22.214.171.124 for horizontal split case or double case pumps. Probes must not be located on flexible panel or cylinder walls, such as on motor end covers of vertical pumps. Such covers should be removed to allow measurements on a stiff part of the machine.
The vibration values shown in Figure 126.96.36.199 are for unfiltered RMS velocity readings. These values assume the following conditions:
The values in Figure 188.8.131.52 are not applicable to factory or laboratory acceptance tests. Experience has shown that vibration levels measured on temporary factory setups may be as much as two times higher than those obtained in the field.
These vibration values are to be used as a general acceptance guide with the understanding that vibration levels in excess of these values may be acceptable by mutual agreement if they show no continued increase with time and there is no indication of damage, such as an increase in bearing clearance or noise level.